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Art and culture and its… proffit

1. In which of the following dialects Kabir wrote ?
(a) Avadhi (b) Bhojpuri
(c) Brijbhasa (d) Maithili
Ans: (a) Kabir, being illiterate, expressed his poems orally in vernacular Hindi, borrowing from various dialects including Avadhi, Braj, and Bhojpuri. His verses often began with some strongly worded insult to get the attention of passers-by. Kabir has enjoyed a revival of popularity over the past half century as arguably the most accessible and understandable of the Indian saints, with a special influence over spiritual traditions such as those of Sant Mat, Garib Das and Radha Soami.
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2. Where is “Pushkar Fair” held ?
(a) Jodhpur (b) Ajmer
(c) Jaipur (d) Udaipur
Ans: (b) The Pushkar Fair, or Pushkar ka Mela, is the annual five-day camel and livestock fair, held in the town of Pushkar in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is one of the world’s largest camel fairs, and apart from buying and selling of livestock it has become an important tourist attraction and its highlights have become competitions such as the “matka phod”, “longest moustache”, and “bridal competition” are the main draws for this fair which attracts thousands of tourists. Pushkar is a town in the Ajmer district. Pushkar is one of the oldest existing cities of India. It lies on the shore of Pushkar Lake. The date of its actual origin is not known, but legend associates Lord Brahma with its creation.
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3. Which of the following is called the storehouse of world-art collections ?
(a) National Archives of India
(b) National Museum
(c) National Modren Art Gallery
(d) Salarjung Museum )
Ans: (d) The Salar Jung Museum is an art museum located at Darushifa, on the southern bank of the Musi River in the city of Hyderabad. It is the third largest museum in India housing the biggest one-man collections of antiques in the world. It is well known throughout India for its prized collections belonging to different civilizations dating back to the 1st century. Nawab Mir Yousuf Ali Khan Salar Jung III (1889–1949), former Prime Minister of the seventh Nizam of Hyderabad, spent a substantial amount of his income over thirty five years to make this priceless collection, his life’s passion.
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4. Who introduced the famous Persian Festival of Nauroz ?
(a) Alauddin Khalji
(b) Iltutmish
(c) Firoz Tughlaq
(d) Balban
Ans: (d) Balban’s conception of kingship was similar to that of the theory of divine right of kings. He cast a halo of superiority round monarchy. He introduced the system of Nauroz to add to the dignity of his court.
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5. Which of the following is a famous Assamese festival ?
(a) Makar Sakranti
(b) Yugadi
(c) Onam
(d) Rongali Bihu
Ans: (d) Bihu denotes a set of three different cultural festivals of Assam. In a year there are three Bihu festivals in Assam – in the months of Bohaag (Baisakh, the middle of April), Maagh (the middle of January), and Kaati (Kartik, the middle of October). The most important and colourful of the three Bihu festival is the Spring festival “Bohag Bihu” or Rongali Bihu celebrated in the middle of April. This is also the beginning of the agricultural season.
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6. Which language is spoken by the people of Lakshadweep?
(a) Malayalam (b) Kannada
(c) Tamil (d) Telugu
Ans: (a) The islanders are ethnically similar to the Malayali people of the nearest Indian state of Kerala. Most of the population speaks Malayalam with Mahi being the most spoken language in Minicoy island.
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